Diabetes Care Center
OUT PATIENT DIABETES CARE CENTER
Our Diabetes Care Center is accredited by the American Diabetes Association.
We offer comprehensive diabetes self-management education through classes
and individual counseling. Education is the most basic tool of diabetes
care and with the skills and knowledge you gain from diabetes education,
you can lead a healthy and active life. Diabetes can be frustrating and
difficult to live with, so empower and inform yourself and manage your
diabetes, today! For information about our outpatient program or a referral
form, call our Diabetes Care Center at (530) 244-5455.
An estimated one out of four seniors in the United States has diabetes,
or nearly seven percent of the total population. Known as a silent killer,
5 million people are unaware that they are affected. Diabetes is the seventh
leading cause of death in the United States.
INPATIENT DIABETES CARE
Shasta Regional Medical Center is the first hospital in California and
11th in the nation to receive a Certificate of Distinction for our Advanced
Inpatient Diabetes Care from The Joint Commission. What this certification
means for patients with diabetes is that Shasta Regional meets rigorous
standards to control patient blood-sugar levels while they are hospitalized
so they experience better outcomes and heal more quickly.
We have experienced doctors, educators, dietitians and a staff of nurses
who have been especially trained in diabetes management and work together
as a team to develop a customized treatment plan for patient with diabetes.
WHAT IS DIABETES?
Everyone has glucose (sugar) in their blood. It is the fuel for the body’s
cells. Glucose comesfrom the food you eat as well as what your body produces.
A hormone produced in the pancreas, called insulin, moves sugar from the
blood stream to the cells where it is used for energy. In diabetes, sugar
cannot travelfrom the blood steam into the body cells so it stays in the
blood. This is caused when either the body does not produce enough insulin
or it does not use insulin correctly. Over time, high blood sugar, called
hyperglycemia, can lead to serious health problems such as heart attacks,
strokes, and blindness. Finding out you have diabetes is scary, but don't
panic. People with diabetes can live long, healthy, happy lives when they
learn how to manage the disease.
Understand the exact causes of diabetes is not yet known, but Americans'
inactive lifestyle anddiets full of fats, salt and sugar is suspect of
the rise in the number of diabetic patients. Persons at risk also include
those over age 45, overweight individuals and certain ethnic groups (African
American, Latino and Native American).
TYPES AND TREATMENT
Type 1 is usually called juvenile-onset diabetes. This type occurs when
the pancreas makes little or no insulin. The body’s own immune system
may attack the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Most often seen
in children and young adults, Type-1 diabetes is treated with daily insulin
injections and careful meal planning. Regular exercise also is important
in controlling the disease.
Type 1 diabetes accounts for 5% to 10% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.
Risk factors for Type 1 diabetes may be autoimmune, genetic, or environmental.
There is no known way to prevent Type 1 diabetes. Several clinical trials
of methods of the prevention of type 1 diabetes are currently in progress
or are being planned.
Type 2 is usually called adult-onset diabetes and is associated with older
age, obesity, family history of diabetes, history of gestational diabetes,
physical inactivity, and race/ethnicity. Type 2 accounts for more than
90% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes and is reaching epidemic proportions.
Unlike Type 1, the body becomes unable to make enough insulin or to use
it properly. Treatment includes medications (insulin and other drugs),
sensible eating and exercise routine.
During pregnancy, some women experience gestational diabetes. Pregnancy
hormones tend to make the body resist insulin. This type of diabetes usually
goes away soon after the baby is born. After pregnancy, 5% to 10% of women
with gestational diabetes are found to have type 2 diabetes. Women who
have had gestational diabetes have a 20% to 50% chance of developing diabetes
in the next 5 -10 years.